Uncharted: Big Data as a Lens on Human Culture, Authors: Erez Aiden and Jean-Baptiste Michel.
By Maria Popova – Big data doesn’t comply with the basic premise of the scientific method — rather than eventuating causal relationships borne out of pre-existing hypotheses, it presents a seemingly bottomless pit of correlations awaiting discovery, often through the combination of doggedness and serendipity, an approach diametrically opposed to hypothesis-driven research.
But that, arguably, is exactly what makes big data so alluring — as Stuart Firestein has argued in his fantastic case for why ignorance rather than certitude drives science, modern science could use what the scientific establishment so readily dismisses as “curiosity-driven research” — exploratory, hypothesis-free investigations of processes, relationships, and phenomena. more> http://tinyurl.com/mb2ghss
Posted in Book review, Business, Economic development, Economy, Education, History, Nature, Science, Technology
Tagged Big data, Business improvement, Discovery, Industrial economy, Jobs, Science, Technology, Theory
By Morgan McCorkle – “One of the dreams is to bring home some polymer paint from the hardware store, spray it on a window and make your own solar cell because it self-orders into a structure that can generate electricity,” ORNL’s David Geohegan said.
“But right now there are many unknown things that happen when you spray it down and it dries. Changing the electrical property of a polymer also changes its structure when it dries, so understanding this process is one of our big science mysteries.”
Modeling the system through quantum calculations helped the researchers determine that heavy hydrogen changes the molecules’ vibrations, which indirectly but significantly affects the material’s electronic properties. more> http://tinyurl.com/pwbx76b
Posted in Education, Energy, Nature, Science, Technology
Tagged Business improvement, Climate change, Industrial economy, Organic solar cell, ORNL, Physics, Technology, United States
By Chris Cancialosi – I like to characterize culture with my clients as “the way we do things around here.” It’s the things you’d learn about while working in a new job–things that might not be in the employee manual but are no less important for successfully navigating a company.
Culture is a relentless driver of employee behavior. Left to its own devices, it can potentially limit an organization. But if leaders work to define it, assess it, and understand it, culture can be used as a tangible business lever to directly achieve goals and improve performance. more> http://tinyurl.com/o7gq5b3